Nobel Prize in
These statements of the scientific method show a range of expression, from astute to concrete-bound. Some are from universities, others are from technology businesses, and the rest are from interested amateurs. It is most succinctly stated in three steps by the biology department of the University of Cincinnati. The last presentation from an environmental action group is a bit on the "Zen" side, but can be useful as a guide.
University of California Riverside
Clermont College, University of Cincinnati
- Refine the Idea
- Final Statement
|Carol W. Greider (L) and Elizabeth H. Blackburn (R)|
Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2014
Edmund Scientific Corporation was a company based in Barrington, New Jersey, USA that specialized in supplying surplus optics and other items via its mail order catalog and Factory Store. During four decades from the 1940's to the 1970's Edmund Scientific was virtually unique in its offerings to scientific hobbyists.
-- Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Scientific_Corporation
Southeastern Louisiana University
|Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin|
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
From the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair
- Be curious, choose a limited subject, ask a question; identify or originate/define a problem. It is important that this question be a 'testable' question - one in which data is taken and used to find the answer. A testable question can further be identified as one in which one or more variables can be identified and tested to see the impact of that variable on the original set of conditions. The question should not merely be an 'information' question where the answer is obtainable through literature research.
- Review published materials related to your problem or question. This is called background research.
- Evaluate possible solutions and guess why you think it will happen (hypothesis).
- Experimental design (procedure). In designing the experiment, it is critical that only one variable - a condition that may effect the results of the experiment - is changed at a time. This makes the experiment a 'controlled' experiment.
- Challenge and test your hypothesis through your procedure of experimentation (data collection) and analysis of your data. Use graphs to help see patterns in the data.
- Draw conclusions based on empirical evidence from the experiment.
- Prepare your report and exhibit.
- Review and discuss the findings with peer group/ professional scientists
- New question(s)may arise from your discussions.
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis
- Make a guess. Hypothesis.
- Take a look. Observations.
- Write it down. Data.
- Make it a picture. Graphs.
- Decide what it means. Conclusions.